Kids and swim ear plugs: What you need to know
For many families, splashing in the backyard or community pool or heading to the nearest beach to cool off in the water is a major part of summer fun. For kids with certain ear problems, swim ear plugs are often recommended, but how do you know if your child needs them—and what types are the best?
Which kids needs ear plugs for swimming?
Water can easily get trapped in the ears, so ear plugs are generally recommended for:
Some doctors recommend regular use of swim ear plugs only when diving or swimming in untreated water, such as lakes, rivers, and oceans. Plugs prevent bacteria from entering the ears.
In treated water, such as a public swimming pool, ear plugs may not be recommended. That's because the surface tension of the water will prevent any water from entering the ear tubes, so unless a child is swimming 3 feet or more under water, they should be safe.
To that end, children with ear tubes also should wear swim ear plugs whenever ears are submerged in soapy water in the bathtub. Soap acts as a surfactant, or lubricant, to reduce the surface tension and will allow the water to enter the tubes.
Even without ear tubes, swimming can pose risks for children with current ear infections or previous surgery. Although swimming doesn't cause middle ear infections, swim ear plugs should be worn so any water pollutants don’t make an existing infection worse. Keep in mind also that underwater swimming can cause painful pressure changes for children with ear infections. And in the case of a ruptured acute otitis media—also known as an ear infection with a ruptured eardrum—swimming should be avoided completely until the infection has cleared up.
Types of swim ear plugs
There are two kinds of swim ear plugs available: Custom-fit plugs and one-size-fits-all swim plugs from the drugstore or pharmacy. They are both effective for keeping ears dry, but each type has advantages and disadvantages. Your hearing care professional can help you get the right kind for your child.
Custom swim ear plugs
If you choose custom-fit swim ear plugs, they will need to be ordered through a hearing care professional. The advantage of custom swim plugs is that they are high quality, comfortable and last longer than drugstore plugs. They are reusable and washable for better hygiene.
A disadvantage to custom-fit swim ear plugs is that they are more expensive. Ear plugs are easily lost, and custom-fit ear plugs are more difficult and more expensive to replace than the drugstore types. A swim ear band may be helpful for keeping plugs in place and preventing loss.
The other option is one-size-fits-all ear plugs available from the drugstore or online. Usually made of silicone or putty, they are easy to find and less expensive than custom swim ear plugs. That means when they are lost—which is a common occurrence with swim ear plugs—they are easier and less expensive to replace. They don’t require a custom fit, and often come in bright colors so they are easy to locate at the bottom of the pool or around the pool deck. They're also easy for kids to put in by themselves, and usually do not require an adult’s help.
Over-the-counter ear plugs are usually not washable, and therefore not terribly hygienic. Due to wax and debris buildup, many people consider them disposable after one or two uses. With swim ear plugs made of putty, there is also a slim possibility that bits of putty could be left behind after the swim plugs are removed from the ears. One-size-fits-all plugs made of silicone, however, may solve this problem because they are washable.
Opinions vary widely on use and type of swim ear plugs. Every child's situation is different, so check with your pediatrician or hearing care professional to get specific advice, and read reviews of products you buy online. Keeping your child's ears safe, clean and dry this summer means fewer hearing hassles and office visits in the future.
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